Physical Features of Dharwad
The area which is nourished with a combination of black and red soil is ideal for harvesting crops and paddy cultivation. Dharwad is blessed with a lot of scenic beauty and natural resources which enhances its charm. Gangavalli River initiated from the Western Ghats in Dharwad district close to Someshwara Temple and it flows into the Arabian Sea. The river has several tributaries known as Shalmali, Bedthi and Souda. Dharwad is also close to the Kali River which flows through Dandeli wildlife reserve in Karnataka.
Lakes in DharwadDharwad is blessed with a number of man- made or artificial lakes and reservoirs as well as several natural lake formations but several amongst these have dried up due to lack of maintenance and urbanized lifestyle. The most popular lake in the vicinity of Dharwad lies in Unkal, in Hubli, known as Unkal Lake, an artificial reservoir and a source of water supply in the region along with being a popular tourist attraction. Kelageri Lake is located in Someswara Gudi and is also popular as Someswara Keri. This is too an artificial lake and the lake is filled with lotus plants.
Sadhankeri Lake situated on the north eastern fringes of Karnataka is a man made reservoir during the British period which continues to be a tourist attraction in Hubli-Dharwad area. Navalur Lake created in 1887 for drinking water supply and irrigating farmlands is spread across an area of 68 acres yet polluted by industrialization. Hire Keri Lake situated in Hosayallapur also suffers from the same polluting stint due to heavy industrialization of the area and needs urgent government intervention.
Nuggikeri Lake adjacent to Nuggikeri Hanuman Temple is also famous in the vicinity as a tourist spot. These are a few reservoirs which are left in Dharwad as the rest have dried up. But these lakes are ideal spots for bird watching as it is a haven for water birds surrounded with greenery and trees. The closest forest reserve is located in Dandeli, 25 kilometres from Dharwad. Besides, Botanical Garden within Karnataka University’s campus premises is a resting place for birds and houses rare species of plants and trees, hence offering a green eye soothing scenic landscape for visitors.